what is DREOS Quantum?

DREOS Quantum is the module of our DREOS AI technology that deals with the development of technologies based on quantum mechanical theories (specifically quantum entanglement, quantum superposition, quantum chaos and quantum tunneling).

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In addition to the development of quantum technologies (which we will discuss in the next section), another important goal of ours is to make quantum applications available on classical computers as well.
We know very well that classical computing is becoming increasingly obsolete and is destined to be replaced by quantum computing. However, this evolution is destined to last several more years: we estimate that the use of a quantum computer in everyday life will not take place before 5 years, therefore we believe it is important that in this transitory period certain applications must be able to be available in a hybrid methodology also on classical computers.
Let's think about cybersecurity: the use of 2048-bit keys for data protection (currently the most used as it's considered the safest) can be completely useless using quantum devices.
Although currently only in theory, using a particular factorization technique via ordered lattice reduction in combination with an approximate optimization quantum algorithm (QAOA) it would be possible to break the current most advanced public key ciphers. There are many problems associated with the use of this technique and the algorithm itself, for this reason it's assumed that current quantum devices do not yet have enough qubits to be able to break these ciphers.

Quantum cyber attacks are already a reality anyway and we therefore believe that prevention is the best cure.

Obviously cybersecurity is just one example of how important it is to create hybrid applications or find solutions that allow us to use quantum technology efficiently on classic computers. We also think about the possibility of being able to speed up data processing operations or the study of medical data...

We believe we can help the present based on the future and we believe that quantum is the right tool to work with.



the potential of DREOS Quantum

Quantum theory states that all energy and matter is made up of particles known as quanta. The long-term aim of quantum information technology research is to develop control and manipulation methods of quantum systems to extend information processing beyond the capabilities of the classical world. The usage of quantum concepts in engineering to solve difficult technicalities in computers, communications, sensing, chemistry, encryption, imaging, and mechanical issues will be quite common in the future.

We at DREOS will use our module to study and create the solution to every type of problem that the future will have in store for all of us. The fields we are focusing on the most and which we think can make the most of the power of DREOS Quantum are quantum cryptography and quantum chemistry.




Quantum cryptography

Post-quantum cryptography, also known as quantum cryptography, aims to create encryption methods that cannot be broken by algorithms, or calculations, that run on future quantum computers.
Quantum cryptography uses the laws of quantum physics to transmit private information in a way that makes undetected eavesdropping impossible. Quantum key distribution (QKD), the most widely studied and viable method of quantum cryptography, uses a series of photons to transmit a secret, random sequence, known as the key.
there is no way to "listen in" on or observe a quantum encrypted key without disturbing the photons and changing the outcomes of the measurements at each end. This is due to a law in quantum mechanics called the uncertainty principle, which says that the act of measuring a property of a quantum system may alter some of the other properties of the quantum object (in this case, a photon).





QUANTUM CHEMISTRY: What is it?

Quantum chemistry is the branch of theoretical chemistry that aims to interpret chemical phenomena through the use of quantum mechanics.
To understand matter at its most fundamental level, we must, in fact, use quantum mechanical models and methods. There are two aspects of quantum mechanics that make it different from previous models of matter. The first is the concept of wave-particle duality: it represents the idea that we need to think of very small objects (such as electrons) as having characteristics of both particles and waves. Second, quantum models state that the energy of atoms and molecules is always quantized (made up of quanta), meaning that you can only have specific amounts of energy.
Quantum chemical theories and quantum chemical calculations make it possible to accurately predict the structures of molecules and their spectroscopic behavior and are of fundamental help in the discovery and development of new drugs to be used in medical research.





QUANTUM CHEMISTRY: Applications

Biological processes in the body occur through a dynamic composed of chemical mechanisms, molecular events that follow one another in an orderly manner in time and space.
Biomolecules do not interact randomly but according to well-defined patterns through which electromagnetic messages are exchanged with precise biological effects. It's intuitive to think that quantum chemistry can also find application in the medical field. In particular, the quantum dots.
Quantum dots are particles of semiconductor materials which, thanks to their nanometric dimensions, exploit quantum behavior to give rise to particular processes of absorption and emission of light. The extremely small dimensions (typically in the range of 1-10 nm) make it possible to exploit the quantum properties of these nanomaterials, which are instead lost when dealing with higher quantities, albeit on a microscopic scale, of matter.
As regards their possible applications in the biomedical field, quantum dots have been exploited, especially in recent years, in the field of imaging.





DREOS QUANTUM: Present & future

What we aspire to with DREOS Quantum is to improve the fields just described and use this technology to create much more.

In the cybersecurity field, we study to create new types of quantum cryptography in addition to the already existing ones. Currently the most perfected quantum cryptography existing is Quantum Key Distribution (QKD) but there are several algorithms that will lead to the encryption of the future: CRYSTALS-Kyber, CRYSTALS-Dilithium, FALCON and SPHINCS+ are just some of the algorithms under development.
We are studying various "hybrid" algorithms that can protect a classical computer from quantum attacks.
In fact, current communications are based on variations of the same concept: that of so-called public key cryptography. This form of encryption takes advantage of the fact that it is very difficult (in the sense that it is extremely time-consuming) for classical computers to perform some calculations. For this There are several difficult problems that public key ciphers are based on, such as elliptic curves, discrete logarithms or factoring a number into its prime components. However, these problems can be solved by a quantum computer which would therefore make the use of this type of encryption useless.
For this reason we are looking for more and more complex mathematical problems so as to resist even a quantum attack.
This would allow us to have hybrid protection in this transition period between current (classical) and future computation).

In the chemistry field, by functionalizing the quantum particle with suitable ligands directed towards a particular target, be they a protein or an organelle inside the cell, an extremely more lively and intense fluorescence image is obtained than that which could be obtained with any other fluorescent probe.
Using quantum dots it is possible to create sophisticated binding assay strategies to identify specific interactions at the cellular level. A particular technique is the Förster resonance energy transfer (Fret) technique used to investigate the structural characteristics of proteins, for example if two protein residues are close to each other. By approaching a quantum dot, charged with fluorescent energy, to another object at a very small distance (1 or 2 nm), the energy accumulated in the electron-hole pair is transferred to the latter. What is this energy for? It is often sufficient to destroy chemical bonds, such as disulfide bonds in a protein, or otherwise to cause specific damage. It follows that with a Fret probe you can see things that would be impossible to see with an electron microscope. Thus, it could lead, for example, to the mapping of a structure, the generation of different colors in multiplex bioanalysis, the use in immunological tests, the detection of nucleic acids or cellular labeling and analysis. Expanding on these already existing techniques or creating new ones would be a giant step towards a new and flourishing future.
Currently, thanks to the DREOS Quantum module, we are able to process huge amounts of data even on non-quantum computers (classical computers), combine neural networks using non-binary, thus generating extremely complex reasoning even in the absence of starting data, improve medical imaging (especially MRI) by achieving details of incredible accuracy and detail.

There is still a long way to go, but we are certain that quantum technology can help us in any area of ​​our life.

Which DREOS AI algorithms or cognitive processes are used by DREOS Quantum?

DREOS Quantum is a DREOS AI technology module: this means that it uses all the algorithms, neural network maps, cognitive processes (which you can see in detail by clicking here), training and learning methods (which you can see in detail by clicking here) of the main technology but with a specific focus on quantum mechanics and quantum technology.
Like DREOS Health also DREOS Quantum uses each of its algorithms (cognitive processes and approaches) at the same priority (high).